Excerpts from Jim Conrad's
NATURALIST NEWSLETTER

Whelk egg cases/ Mermaid Necklaces

from the May 15, 2011 Newsletter issued from written at Mayan Beach Garden Inn 20 kms north of Mahahual, Quintana Roo, México
MERMAID NECKLACES

One of the many mysterious items occasionally washing onto the beach, often tangled in seaweed, is shown above. Sometimes these strings of wafers are two or three feet long, and some people call them mermaid necklaces. I'd never have guessed what they are if Marcia hadn't flat out told me: "They're whelk egg cases," she said, but still I had no idea what a whelk was.

So, Google tells me that whelks are medium to large, snail-like mollusks, and in our part of the world there may be three or four species. I don't know which species created the chain in my hand. Of the whelk species mentioned for the Yucatan, the Lightning Whelk -- the State Shell of Texas -- is by far the most documented. You can learn more about that one at http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/fishboat/fish/didyouknow/whelk.phtml.

Throughout the world many mollusks from several taxonomic groupings are referred to as whelks, so the name whelk has no technical basis at all.

NOTE: In 2014 I have more information about Yucatan whelks and now it seems that the egg case profiled here probably belongs to Busycon carica, the Knobbed Whelk. The egg cases are very battered and tattered.The species occurs on the US Atlantic coast and the Gulf of Mexico

I read that the female Lightning Whelk begins creating her string of egg cases by attaching the first part emerging from the pore in her foot to rocks, old shells or algae. A typical strand bears 50 to 175 capsules and there are 20 to 100 eggs in a capsule. The last few capsules on the unattached end are usually empty of eggs. Most eggs never hatch, but serve as food for the single individual in that capsule that does. Baby whelks look like tiny editions of the adults.

Also I find that long ago sailors used sandy whelk egg cases to scrub themselves.