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The Economics of Food, Farming, Natural Resources, and Rural America

Last updated on  August 21st, 2016

U.S.-Mexico Agricultural Trade: Opportunities for Making Free Trade Under NAFTA More Agile: Click here

Modifying border processes and procedures in ways that make U.S.-Mexico agricultural trade more agile—thereby allowing agricultural products to cross the border more easily and quickly—is one approach to fostering further growth in this trade. This article explores several opportunities to facilitate bilateral agricultural trade in this manner.


Farm Bill Income Cap for Program Payment Eligibility Affects Few Farms: Click here

The 2014 Farm Act revised the maximum income limitations (the income caps) that determine eligibility for most commodity and conservation programs and payments by replacing the separate limits on farm and nonfarm income specified in the 2008 Farm Act with a single total adjusted gross income cap of $900,000.


Processing and Marketing Blunt the Impact of Volatile Farm Prices on Retail Dairy Prices: Click here

Despite volatile farm-level milk prices over the last decade, fluctuations in retail prices for whole milk and Cheddar cheese have been comparatively moderate, with farm prices and retail prices tracking more closely for whole milk than for Cheddar cheese.


States Differ in the Distribution of WIC Benefits Across Types of Retail Food Stores: Click here

A recent ERS study found that 76 percent of WIC benefits redeemed in stores in fiscal 2012 were redeemed at supermarkets, supercenters, or other large grocery stores. Other types of stores, such as medium and small grocery stores and WIC-only stores, accounted for a sizable share of WIC redemptions in some States.


Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures and Technical Barriers to Trade: How Much Do They Impact U.S.-EU Agricultural Trade?: Click here

Over the past two decades, expanding global trade and declining tariffs and traditional barriers to trade have brought non-tariff measures, such as sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) regulations and technical barriers to trade (TBT), to the fore of trade policy discussions. For agriculture, SPS measures and TBT are among the most frequently cited barriers to trade.