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The latest stories from the Science & Environment section of the BBC News web site.

Last updated on  November 21st, 2014

Climate fund receives $9.3bn pledge: Click here
Thirty nations meeting in Berlin have pledged $9.3bn (£6bn) for a fund to help developing countries cut emissions and prepare for climate change.

Embrace the arts, engineers told: Click here
Engineering needs to emphasise its creative side to encourage more young people to take it up as a career, says a leading member of the profession.

Geckos inspire 'Spider-Man' gloves: Click here
The way geckos climb has inspired a device that allowed a 70kg man to scale a glass wall like Spider-Man.

UK 'to lead moon landing in 10 years': Click here
A British-led consortium outlines its plans to land a robotic probe, paid for by public donations, on the Moon in 10 years' time.

Court puts more heat on diesels: Click here
UK government comes under renewed pressure to cut pollution from diesel vehicles following the latest ruling in a battle over clean air.

Planning law change 'catastrophic': Click here
Proposed changes to planning policy would be "catastrophic" for rural areas, rural housing and planning authorities warn.

Sun boosts UK lightning strikes: Click here
The number of lightning strikes across the UK has been significantly affected by solar activity, according to new research.

Organic molecules detected on comet: Click here
The Philae lander has detected organic molecules on the surface of its comet, scientists have confirmed.

Russia tests 'satellite catcher': Click here
Russia may be testing a satellite capable of chasing down and inspecting other orbiting spacecraft, experts say.

Europe signs on to Orion venture: Click here
The European Space Agency and Airbus sign a contract that will see the aerospace giant build the "back end" of America's new manned spaceship.

Wildlife crime wanted list released: Click here
The public are being asked to provide information on the locations of nine fugitives suspected of serious environmental crimes.

Camera sees Philae's hairy landing: Click here
High-resolution pictures have now been released of the Philae probe around the time of landing on Comet 67P last Wednesday.

World's biggest crane ship sets sail: Click here
The world's largest crane ship, which is capable of lifting oil rigs, sets sail from its shipyard in Korea for Rotterdam port in the Netherlands.

Brian Cox creates pioneering 3D show: Click here
TV physicist Brian Cox and the visual effects team behind Gravity are to create a new 3D live show using a cutting-edge augmented reality system.

One kiss 'shares 80 million bugs': Click here
A small study by Dutch scientists suggests a single 10-second kiss can transfer as many as 80 million bacteria.

Skeleton found in Alexander-era tomb: Click here
Archaeologists in northern Greece find a skeleton inside a tomb from the time of Alexander the Great, and believe it belonged to a general.

Virgin pilot 'thrown free' in crash: Click here
The pilot who survived the Virgin Galactic spaceship crash was thrown clear as the craft broke up around him, investigators say.

'Sad day' as EU chief scientist axed: Click here
Researchers across Europe have expressed dismay at the scrapping of the role of EU Chief Scientific Adviser (CSA).

'Twisted light' beamed across Vienna: Click here
Physicists send a beam of twisted light 3km through the air above Vienna, transmitting information in this way for the very first time in the open air.

Mind-controlled gene switch made: Click here
A study shows that human brainwaves can wirelessly activate light-sensitive genes implanted in mice.

Culling to begin at bird flu farm: Click here
A cull of 6,000 ducks is due to start following a confirmed case of bird flu at a breeding farm in East Yorkshire.

Rabies risk from puppy smuggling: Click here
An increasing number of dogs are being transported to the UK from eastern Europe, risking an outbreak of rabies, a charity is warning.

Lightning strikes 'more as world warms': Click here
Global warming will significantly increase the frequency of lightning strikes, according to US research.

Hopes rise beavers could stay free: Click here
Campaigners hope beavers living on an English river could be allowed to remain in the wild if free of disease.

'World grappling with malnutrition': Click here
Every nation on the planet, except China, is crossing a "malnutrition red line", suffering from too little or too much nutrition, a report warns.

Obama and Xi in emissions pledge: Click here
China and the US unveil "historic" new pledges on greenhouse gas emissions, as the two leaders meet for talks in Beijing.

Threatened birds of prey 'vanish': Click here
Two of the rarest birds of prey in England, which had been satellite tagged, vanish in unexplained circumstances.

Hyenas feast at vulture restaurants: Click here
"Restaurants" of dead meat set up for endangered vultures also attract an undesirable clientele of hyenas and jackals, according to a six-year study.

Brazil releases 'good' mosquitoes: Click here
Brazilian researchers release thousands of mosquitoes infected with a bacteria that suppresses dengue fever into the environment in Rio de Janeiro.

VIDEO: Fines plan over Japanese Knotweed: Click here
Failing to control the spread of Japanese Knotweed could result in an anti-social behaviour order and a fine of up to £2500.

VIDEO: Green Climate Fund cash pledge: Click here
Thirty nations meeting in Berlin have pledged $9.3bn (£6bn) for a fund to help developing countries cut emissions and prepare for climate change.

VIDEO: Energy giant unveils shale gas plan: Click here
Chemicals giant Ineos announces plans to invest up to £640m in shale gas exploration in the UK, in a bid to become the country's leading fracking firm.

VIDEO: 'We're going back to origins of life': Click here
The Philae lander has detected organic molecules on the surface of its comet, scientists have confirmed.

VIDEO: Tackling Taiwan's animal smugglers: Click here
Taiwanese authorities face a growing challenge to stop a wide and bold network of animal smugglers who have been tapping into the island's rich reserves to profit from China's huge appetite for wild animals.

AUDIO: European science 'at a peak': Click here
Sir Chris Llewellyn Smith and Dr Jean-Claude Worms debate the reasons behind the success of scientific work in Europe.

VIDEO: Buzz Aldrin sets out Mars vision: Click here
The second man to walk on the Moon, Buzz Aldrin, talks to BBC Newsnight about the importance of the Rosetta comet landing and where space exploration should go next.

VIDEO: A timelapse tour of UK airspace: Click here
A timelapse video showing thousands of planes coming in and out of the UK has been released by NATS.

VIDEO: HIV now and then: 1982 vs 2014: Click here
How 30 years has changed living with the virus

Paul Rincon: Where next for Philae mission?: Click here
What are the next steps in comet landing mission?

Space agency plans Mars rover from Lego bricks: Click here
Space agency plans Mars mission with plastic bricks

The self-publicist whose medical text books caused a stir: Click here
A strangely accurate book of anatomy from 1543

Is it OK to leave objects on the Moon?: Click here
Is it OK to leave objects on the Moon?

Giant robot trucks rise in Australia: Click here
Huge robots slog it out in Australia's outback

'Skunk power' fires fusion confusion: Click here
Can nuclear fusion become a reality within 10 years?

Is comet landing mission worth the cost?: Click here
Can Rosetta mission price tag be justified?

Chris Lintott: Elation and woe of comet landing: Click here
Dr Chris Lintott's take on ups and downs of comet landing

Is sport's biological passport fair?: Click here
The biological passport was test that couldn't be fooled, so why are athletes still doping?

Will Obama's climate surprise deliver a global deal?: Click here
What's behind US climate deal with China

VIDEO: Medical bike couriers battle HIV: Click here
Meet the medical motorbike couriers battling infant HIV in Malawi

Crystal beauty: Illuminating the structure of matter: Click here
Illuminating the crystalline structure of matter

The woman who cracked Enigma cyphers: Click here
Story of Bletchley Park's top female codebreaker

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